General information on Lupus
Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which there is a malfunction in the immune system that causes the immune system of the affected cat to attack the body. There are two types of lupus that affect cats. The first type of lupus is lupus erythematosus. Lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, is an autoimmune disease that affects the muscles, kidneys, and the skin. In lupus erythematosus, the body of the affected cat attacks itself causing many different symptoms including bacterial infections and the foot pads of the affected cat to ulcerate. There is no cure for lupus erythematosus, but there are treatments available that help to control the disease. The second type of lupus is discoid lupus. Discoid lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack the tissue of the head.
Symptoms of Lupus
Some of the symptoms of lupus may be: bacterial infections, skin ulcerations, lethargy, and pain.
Treatments for Lupus
The treatment for lupus erythematosus is oral corticosteroids. Oral corticosteroids have a high rate of success in elevating the symptoms produced by lupus erythematosus and even causing the affected cat to go into remission. However, should there be a second occurrence of lupus erythematosus; it is not uncommon for death to occur. The treatment for discoid lupus is also oral steroids. In addition to oral steroids, anti-inflammatory medications are frequently prescribed as well as topical steroids for areas of the skin that are affected.
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