General information on Head Abscess
Head abscesses are localized accumulations of pus in areas of the head caused by trapped bacteria under the skin. Head abscesses are extremely tender and painful for the affected cat and can cause the head to appear larger and swollen in the affected area. The most head abscesses are caused from injuries from either foreign bodies, or more commonly, from fights with other cats or animals. Bacteria are transferred into a wound and the wound then heals over the bacteria causing it to be trapped under the skin. The location of the abscess on the head determines the symptoms experienced. Head abscesses that are located around the mouth can easily spread to the sinuses and deeper into the mouth causing the affected cat to have a loss of appetite and even refuse water. Head abscesses that are around the sinuses can the areas beneath the eye to appear swollen. Head abscesses can also occur behind the eye. These types of head abscesses are called retrobulbar abscesses and can cause the eye to appear as though it is bulging and even cause the eye to tear. Head abscesses that are beneath the chin are referred to as submandibular abscesses and cause the chin to suddenly appear larger in size.
Symptoms of Head Abscess
Some of the symptoms of head abscess may be: fever, localized areas that appear to be swollen and are hot and painful to the touch, yellow tinted discharge may be seen at the sight of the swelling that may be accompanied by an odor, lethargy, refusal to eat or drink, irritability, aggression, and other behavioral changes.
Treatments for Head Abscess
The treatment for a head abscess is to first open and drain the pus out. A veterinarian can determine the proper time to drain the head abscess as well as determine if other steps are necessary prior to the drainage of the head abscess, such as warm compresses of saline solution for a few days prior to the drainage. After the head abscess is drained, the area is likely to be flushed with an antiseptic solution as well as antibiotics being administered. In severe cases, the edges of the wound are separated with latex tubing after the draining of the head abscess to allow the inner layers of the skin to heal first and for the pus to continually drain. A cone may be required to keep the affected cat from licking or scratching the area of the head abscess.
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Sounds like a dental abcess, you need to find resources to get antibiotics.
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