General information on Epistaxis
Epistaxis is a nosebleed. A nosebleed in a cat usually occurs due to fragile capillaries, bleeding tendencies, or damage to blood vessels in the nasal cavity. Some of the causes of nosebleeds can be trauma, foreign bodies in the nose, nasal tumors, infections, dental diseases, or blood disorders. The most common cause of nosebleeds is trauma. A catís nose bleeds easily when traumatized. When the cause of the nosebleeds is trauma, it is not uncommon for there to be a fracture on the roof of the mouth. Signs of this can be open-mouthed breathing. If the cause of the nosebleed is trauma, then it is extremely important that the cat be seen by a veterinarian so that the extent of the damage can properly be assessed to ensure that there is not further damage elsewhere and if there is it can be treated. Nosebleeds can also be either acute or chronic. Acute nosebleeds are shorter and occur very suddenly. Chronic nosebleeds occur over a long period of time. When a nosebleed is observed, but the cause was not, it is important to determine whether or not the nosebleed is unilateral, on one side, or bilateral, on both sides. Whether or not the bleed is unilateral or bilateral can help to determine the cause of the nosebleed itself.
Symptoms of Epistaxis
Some of the symptoms of epistaxis may be sneezing proceeded by a spray of blood, nasal swelling, black tar-like stool, foul odor from the mouth or nose, noisy breathing, fractured tooth, or a dental or blood disease.
Treatments for Epistaxis
The treatment for epistaxis is to stop the bleeding. Calming down the cat, isolating the cat, and potentially even sedating the cat helps make it easier to treat the bleed itself. Appling ice or cold compresses to the bridge of the nose can help to slow the blood flow while applying pressure to the bridge of the nose can help to clot the bleed. Most nosebleeds should subside quickly, but should the bleed be persistent, it is important to bring the cat to a veterinarian.
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