General information on Otitis Externa-bacterial
Bacterial Otitis Externa is an infection is the ear canal. Scratches, bites, and other forms of tearing to the skin in the ear are the most common causes of a bacterial infection in the ear. An ear parasite infection is the frequent cause of bacterial otitis. Some of these ear canal infections begin when there are unfamiliar materials in the ear, a high build up of ear wax, or cellular debris.
Symptoms of Otitis Externa-bacterial
Some of the symptoms that may be observed when your cat has bacterial otitis externa are that the cat may begin to scratch at their infected ear, shaking or tilting its head, or when the ear is touched react as though the spot touched were tender. You may also notice an unpleasant odor coming from the ear. When one examines the ear canal, you may notice redness and swelling of the skin folds with increased amounts of ear wax or a pus-like discharge.
Should the bacterial infection go on too long unnoticed, the ear may begin to thicken and redden further and give your cat a greater level of discomfort and potential pain. The ear passages may also become blocked by mass similar to that of a tumor or inflamed polyps. If this should occur, surgery may become necessary where they will open up the ear to allow the ear to drain.
Treatments for Otitis Externa-bacterial
In order to treat bacterial otitis externa, your veterinarian must first determine the cause. Should your veterinarian diagnose your cat with only a mild case, the treatment can be done form the home. A mild case would present itself without large amounts of discharge, but may be caused by a lack of cleanliness of the ear. To care for this, one would clean the ear, removing the crusts and fluids with a cotton ball dipped in an ear-cleaning solution that your veterinarian can give you. If there is a build-up of wax, a wax dissolving solution will be used to help clean out the wax and debris. The final step is to dry the ear canal with cotton and apply antibiotic ear medication.
Should your cat feel extreme pain in the ear, your veterinarian may want to take a swab of the discharge and examine it to determine the cause along with taking a sample to perform certain tests that would used for a sensitivity test and for a culture. You may need to leave you cat at the veterinary to have a proper cleaning should your cat require to be sedated due to the pain. Some cats may require oral antibiotics as well as antibiotics that are applied directly to the skin.
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